TAMISEMI Precaution Notice On CORONA, Corona Tanzania, Corona USA, Corona In China 2020
TAMISEMI Why contemplate the history of Local Government in Tanzania Tanzania has a long history of Local Government, going back to the pre-colonial days.
The purpose of taking cognisance of the
history of Local Government in Tanzania is to look at where we came from with the view of improving the present and the future.
There are many lessons to learn from the various episodes of the evolution of Local Government in the country. Nevertheless, it can be said that since Independence, the Government has been taking
deliberate steps to improve the effectiveness and effi ciency of Local Government culminating into the current Local Government Reform Programme.
Defining Local Government TAMISEMI
Local Government can be defi ned as a sub-national, semi-autonomous level government discharging its functions in a specifi ed area within a nation. By definition, Local Governments are the level of government that are closest to the people and therefore responsible for serving the political and material needs of people and communities at a specifi c local area. Such areas could be a rural setting or an urban setting, a village, a town, a suburb in a city or a city, depending on the size.
Local Governments have both political and economic purposes.
Politically, Local Governments being the levels of governments closest to the people, are suitably situated to provide a way for ordinary citizens to have a say in how their communities are governed. Local Governments provide opportunities for democratic participation of citizens in matters that affect them directly. They facilitate closer interaction between citizens and elected representatives.
Economically, Local Governments provide basic services that affect people in their area of jurisdiction. Being close to the people, Local
Governments are supposed to know better the needs of the local area and not only what the people can contribute but also how to engage them in economic activities.
Tanzania has a two-tier system of government: the Central Government and Local Governments. Local Governments are either urban Authorities (city, municipal and town councils), or rural Authorities (district councils). The latter incorporate small towns (township Authorities) as well as village councils